This paper analyzed the damage of facades of individual and collective housing buildings in prefabricated neighborhoods on Apelovac hill in Nis. An evaluation of technical and structural characteristics of facade walls according to the durability and sustainability criteria has been conducted. After over 50 years of service, these buildings, in most cases are still fit for their primary purpose, but their facades fail to meet the quality standards any longer. It is in part the result of damage sustained in time, but also of more stringent requirements regarding technical characteristics and building appearance. Facade walls constructed according to the building practice of the day completely lost their physical-technical and visual-esthetic functions.